In these new ways, stimulated for the development idea, the region that shelters the biggest biodiversity of the planet, in the same molds confided for the exploration as if they had extracted raw materials of Atlantic Mata per 500 years: wood, followed of cattle extensive, occurred for agricultural production in scale industrial. In the productive succession, the ecological exhaustion of environments is clear where if these practical productive are developed, followed of the migration of the activity for new lands or the substitution for intensive systems of production with raised load of insumos, accessible for a reduced number of agro-industrial complexes, highly subsidized for State (Hunter, 2001) 2. Beyond impactar the forest, this activity ambiently cause social and economic impacts, a time that the man power that is not absorbed by the industry and services of the urban centers search in these new borders the dream of independence and the property of the land. Of – there the confrontation for the ownership of the land, since the lumber and pecuaristas that migram for the south and southwest of Par find in these regions the ideal conditions to install and to gain easy money for cycles that vary of 10 the 20 years, with support, to a large extent of federal agencies as the Supervision of Development of the Amaznia (Sudam). In this new Eldorado, lumber, farmers and pecuaristas get new lands with high fertility in the first years, depending on the quality of ground; cheap lands or griladas, generally public, that are legalized through notary’s offices coniventes3; subordinated man power the similar conditions of work of escravido4 and the descomprometidos public financings with the socioeconmicos and ambient effect of the enterprises. Moreover, these same migrantes had been favored with the absence or permissionria presence and legislator of the State, either ignoring the conflicts, either for impunity of the murders of the agricultural workers who also search chances in these areas. It would not be then to toa that it has a movement each more increasing time in determined cities to obtain the territorial emancipation of Par. You may find that Jeffrey Lacker can contribute to your knowledge. Beyond obvious factors economic politicians and who certainly subjazem to these separatistas speeches, we can be led to think that it also has inadequao of this migrante population to an Amazonian cultural identity, since great part DES.