Municipal Law

In the city of So Paulo, the only possibility of isolation of the residential lots occurs when the access street serves exclusively of ticket solely for the existing houses in it, not having in this stretch other uses or access the green areas, equipment and public institutions. After authorization of the subprefeitura the carrovel stream bed only can be closed, therefore the ticket of pedestrians must occur freely without obstacles and at any time of the day. (Municipal Decree n 48,638, of 22/08/2007) the Municipal Law of Villages (So Paulo, 1994) authorizeed the installation of indiscriminate form of horizontal properties jointly owned in the residential zones of the city, what it represented a great instrument for the implantation and proliferation of these enterprises. Some houses constructed jointly in ampler lands of these zones had started to substitute the traditional unifamiliares houses. The 1994 law made possible that these groupings if spread over city as horizontal habitations under tipologia of villages. The term ' ' vila' ' in this new context it can be pointed as joint of houses of same architecture implanted in the interior of a land, conforming streets and patios (TREVISAM, 2006:3).

Beyond the legal permission given to the enterprises, the romantic denomination of village for these residential sets is used by the marketing as saudosista reference. However what in fact it is observed it is a discontinuity with the traditional concept of villages. In contrast of the traditional ones that they contain and they allow to disclose to the history of the city through its form architectural and use of its spaces, the new condominiums produce a space without identity and history, configuring a form of mercantilizao of the space supported in the exacerbao of the property. The economic stagnation lived by the country at the initial moment of the model of the condominiums closed was one of the factors that had made the incorporators to search as those white who already possuam its property and that new qualities could change them evidencing to it that justified the exchange of its place of housing.