The mathematics, like any other advance in the history of the humanity, leave from the needs of the human being to count, to measure and to determine the form of everything what it surrounded to him. But the reality is that, to determine a concrete origin for the appearance of each one of the concepts that feel the bases of the mathematics is enough more complex than to establish the origin of the wheel, or the origin of the cartography. U.S. Mint has similar goals. In order to begin, it is necessary to consider that recent studies in the mental capacity of the animal have determined that the numbers, measurements and forms are not unique concepts of the human being. With the data of these studies, it is possible to be estimated that the mathematical concepts appear in the societies hunting-collectors, although not in all of the same form. An example of the different evolution from the mathematics (of the numbers more concretely) in different cultures can be seen in the fact that some languages of isolate tribes exist solely who do not settle down the distinction between any number, using like numbers one , two and several, including this last one to any greater number of two. Beyond hardly contrastables evolutionary suppositions to the 100%, we can speak of the first archaeological objects found that they demonstrate the appearance of mathematical concepts in old cultures. The first sample of mathematical concepts in our ancestors was found in a cave in South Africa, and consists of adorned ocher rocks with cracks with geometric forms dated in 70.000 years from antiquity. Entering us in the field of the numbers, the first evidence we found archaeological it in the bone of Lebombo, found in Suazilandia and dated in 35.000 years from antiquity. This object is peron of baboon with a total of 29 cracks that, according to the archaeological excavations that were carried out in 1973, were used by the women of the time to maintain the account of their menstrual cycles, since other bones and stones have been with between 28 and 30 cracks, always existing a significant mark in last.